Simon & Schuster’s Treks to Nowhere

17 Dec

Star Trek

In 1983 the powers that were at Gulf and Western Industries, owners of both Paramount Pictures and Simon & Schuster, decided that it was time to bring Star Trek, a property of the former, to the computer under the stewardship of the latter. To appreciate this decision and everything that would follow it, we first should step back and briefly look at what Star Trek already meant to gamers at that time.

In late 1971, just as Star Trek was enjoying the first rush of a syndicated popularity that would soon far exceed that of its years as a first-run show, Mike Mayfield was a high-school senior with a passion for computers living near Irvine, California. He’d managed to finagle access to the University of California at Irvine’s Sigma 7 minicomputer, where he occasionally had a chance to play a port of MIT’s Spacewar!, generally acknowledged as the world’s first full-fledged videogame, on one of the university’s precious few graphical terminals. Mayfield wanted to write a space warfare game of his own, but he had no chance of securing the regular graphical-terminal access he’d need to do something along the lines of Spacewar! So he decided to try something more strategic and cerebral, something that could be displayed on a text-oriented terminal. If Spacewar! foreshadowed the frenetic dogfighting action of Star Wars many years before that movie existed, his own turn-based game would be modeled on the more stately space combat of his favorite television show. With the blissful unawareness of copyright and intellectual property that marks this early era of gaming, he simply called his game Star Trek.

One of the many variants of Mike Myfield's classic Star Trek

One of the many variants of Mike Mayfield’s classic Star Trek.

A full-on Klingon invasion is underway, the Enterprise the only Federation ship capable of stopping it. You, in the role of Captain Kirk, must try to turn back the invasion by warping from sector to sector and blowing away Klingon ships. Resource management is key. Virtually everything you do — moving within or between sectors; shooting phasers or photon torpedoes; absorbing enemy fire with your shields — consumes energy, of which you have only a limited quantity. You can repair, refuel, and restock your torpedoes at any of a number of friendly starbases scattered about the sectors, but doing so consumes precious time, of which you also have a limited quantity. If you don’t destroy all of the Klingons within thirty days they’ll break out and overrun the galaxy.

Within a year of starting on the game Mayfield moved on from the Sigma 7 to a much slicker HP-2100 series machine to which he had managed to convince the folks at his local Hewlett-Packard branch to give him access. He quickly ported Star Trek to HP Time-Shared BASIC, in which form, along with so many other historically important games, it spread across the country. It was discovered by David Ahl, who would soon go on to found the immensely important magazine Creative Computing. Ahl published an expanded version of the game, Super Star Trek, in 1974 as a type-in listing in one of Creative Computing‘s earliest issues. In 1977, Byte published another version, one of the few game listings ever to appear in the pages of that normally staunchly tech-oriented magazine. In 1978, Ahl republished his Super Star Trek in his book BASIC Computer Games. This collection of old standards largely drawn from the HP Time-Shared BASIC computing culture arrived at a precipitous time, just as the first wave of pre-assembled PCs were appearing in stores and catalogs. Super Star Trek was the standout entry in BASIC Computer Games, by far the longest program listing as well as the most complex, replayable, and interesting game to be found within its pages.

On the strength of this, the first million-selling computer book in history, Star Trek spread even more widely and wildly across the little machines than it had the big ones. From here the history of Star Trek the computer game gets truly bewildering, with hundreds of variants on Mayfield’s basic template running on dozens of systems. Some added to the invading Klingon hordes Star Trek‘s other all-purpose villains the Romulans, complete with their trademark cloaking devices; some added graphics and/or sound; some added the personalities of Spock, McCoy, Scott, and the rest reporting developments in-character. And the variations continually one-upped one another with ever more elaborate weapon and damage modeling. In 1983 a small company who called themselves Cygnus (later renamed to Interstel) reworked and expanded the concept into a commercial game called Star Fleet I: The War Begins! to considerable success. In this version the serial numbers were to some extent filed off for obvious reasons, but Cygnus didn’t really make the most concerted of efforts to hide their game’s origins. Klingons, for instance, simply became “Krellans,” while their more creatively named allies the “Zaldrons” have, you guessed it, cloaking devices.

This, then, was the situation when Simon & Schuster secured a mandate in 1983 to get into home computers, and to bring Star Trek along for the ride. Star Trek in general was now a hugely revitalized property in comparison to the bunch of orphaned old syndicated reruns that Mayfield had known back in 1971. There were now two successful films to the franchise’s credit and a third well into production, as well as a new line of paperback novels on Simon & Schuster’s own Pocket Books imprint regularly cracking bestseller lists. There was a popular new stand-up arcade game, Star Trek: Strategic Operations Simulator. And there was a successful tactical board game of spaceship combat, and an even more successful full-fledged tabletop RPG. There was even a space shuttle — albeit one which would never actually fly into space — sporting the name Enterprise. And of course Star Trek was all over computers in the form of ports of Strategic Operations Simulator as well as, and more importantly, Mike Mayfield’s unlicensed namesake game and its many variants, of which Paramount was actually quite remarkably tolerant. To my knowledge no one was ever sued over one of these games, and when David Ahl had asked for permission to include Super Star Trek in BASIC Computer Games Paramount had cheerfully agreed without asking for anything other than some legal fine print at the bottom of the page. Still, it’s not hard to understand why Paramount felt it was time for an official born-on-a-home-computer Star Trek game. Even leaving aside the obvious financial incentives, both Strategic Operations Simulator and Mayfield’s Star Trek and all of its successors were in a sense very un-Star Trek sorts of Star Trek games. They offered no exploring of strange new worlds, no seeking out of new life and new civilizations. No, these were straight-up war games, exactly the scenario that Star Trek‘s television writers had had to be careful not to let the series devolve into. Those writers had often discussed the fact that if any of the Enterprise‘s occasional run-ins with the Romulans or the Klingons ever resulted in open, generalized hostilities, Star Trek as a whole would have to become a very different sort of show, a tale of war in space rather than a five-year mission of peaceful (for the most part) exploration. Star Trek the television show would have had to become, in other words, like Star Trek the computer game.

But now, at last, Simon & Schuster had the mandate to move in the other direction, to create a game more consonant with what the show had been. In that spirit they secured the services of Diane Duane, an up-and-coming science-fiction and fantasy writer who had two Star Trek novels already in Pocket’s publication pipeline, to write a script for a Star Trek adventure game. Duane began making notes for an idea that riffed on the supposedly no-win Kobayashi Maru training scenario that had been memorably introduced at the beginning of the movie Star Trek II. The game’s fiction would have you participating in an alternative, hopefully more winnable test being considered as a replacement. Thus you would literally be playing The Kobayashi Alternative, the goal of which would be to find Mr. Sulu (Star Trek: The Search for Sulu?), now elevated to command of the USS Heinlein, who has disappeared along with his ship in a relatively unexplored sector of the galaxy.

Simon & Schuster’s first choice to implement this idea was the current darling of the industry, Infocom. As we’ve already learned in another article, Simon & Schuster spent a year earnestly trying to buy Infocom outright beginning in late 1983, dangling before their board the chance to work with a list of properties headed by Star Trek. An Infocom-helmed Star Trek adventure, written by Diane Duane, is today tempting ground indeed for dreams and speculation. However, that’s all it would become. Al Vezza and the rest of Infocom’s management stalled and dithered and ultimately rejected the Simon & Schuster bid for fear of losing creative control and, most significantly, because Simon & Schuster was utterly disinterested in Infocom’s aspirations to become a major developer of business software. As Infocom continued to drag their feet, Simon & Schuster made the fateful decision to take more direct control of Duane’s adventure game, publishing it under their own new “Computer Software Division” imprint.

Star Trek: The Kobayashi Alternative

Development of The Kobayashi Alternative was turned over to a new company called Micromosaics, founded by a veteran of the Children’s Television Workshop named Lary Rosenblatt to be a sort of full-service experience architect for the home-computer revolution, developing not only software but also the packaging, the manuals, and sometimes even the advertising that accompanied it; their staff included at least as many graphic designers as programmers. The packaging they came up with for The Kobayashi Alternative was indeed a stand-out even in this era of oft-grandiose packaging. Its centerpiece was a glossy full-color faux-Star Fleet briefing manual full of background information about the Enterprise and its crew and enough original art to set any Trekkie’s heart aflutter (one of these pictures, the first in this article, I cheerfully stole out of, er, a selfless conviction that it deserves to be seen). Sadly, the packaging also promised light years more than the actual contents of the disk delivered.

This alleged screenshot from the back of The Kobayashi Alternative's box is one of the most blatant instances of false advertising in gaming of the 1980s.

This alleged screenshot from the back of The Kobayashi Alternative‘s box is one of the most blatant instances of false advertising of 1980s gaming.

What the game actually looks like...

What the game actually looks like…

Whatever else you can say about it, you can’t say that The Kobayashi Alternative played it safe. Easily dismissed at a glance as just another text adventure, it’s actually a bizarrely original mutant creation, not quite like any other game I’ve ever seen. Everything that you as Captain Kirk can actually do yourself — “give,” “take,” “use,” “shoot,” etc. — you accomplish not through the parser but by tapping function-key combinations. You move about the Enterprise or planetside using the arrow keys. The parser, meanwhile, is literally your mouth; those things you type are things that you say aloud. This being Star Trek and you being Captain Kirk, that generally means orders that you issue to the rest of your familiar crew. And then, not satisfied with giving you just an adventure game with a very odd interface, Micromosaics also tried to build in a full simulation of the Enterprise for you to logistically manage and command in combat. Oh, and the whole thing is running in real time. If ever a game justified use of the “reach exceeded its grasp” reviewer’s cliché, it’s this one. The Kobayashi Alternative is unplayable. No one at Micromosaics had any real practical experience making computer games, and it shows.

A strange new world with a notable lack of new life and new civilizations

A strange new world with a notable lack of new life and new civilizations

The Kobayashi Alternative is yet another contender for the title of emptiest adventure game ever. In fact, it takes that crown handily from the likes of Level 9’s Snowball and Electronic Arts’s Amnesia. In lieu of discrete, unique locations, each of the ten planets you can beam down to consists of a vast X-Y grid of numerical coordinates to dully trudge across looking for the two or three places that actually contain something of interest. Sometimes you get clues in the form of coordinates to visit, but at other times the game seems to expect you to just lawnmower through hundreds of locations until you find something. The Enterprise, all 23 decks of it, is implemented in a similar lack of detail. It turns out that all those empty, anonymous corridors we were always seeing in the television show really were almost all there was to the ship. When you do find something or somebody, the parser is so limited that you never have any confidence in the conversations that result. Some versions of the game, for instance, don’t even understand the word “Sulu,” making the most natural question to ask anyone you meet — “Where is Sulu?” — a nonstarter. And then there are the bugs. Crewmen — but not you — can beam down to poisonous planets in their shirt sleeves and remain unharmed; when walking east on planets the program fails to warn you about dangerous terrain ahead, meaning you can tumble into a lake of liquid nitrogen without ever being told about it; crewmen inexplicably root themselves to the ground planetside, refusing to follow you no matter how you push or cajole or even start shooting at them with your phaser.

Following The Kobayashi Alternative‘s 1985 release, gamers, downright desperate as they were to play in this beloved universe, proved remarkably patient, while Simon & Schuster also seemed admirably determined to stay the course. Some six months after the initial release they published a revised version that, they claimed, fixed all of the bugs. The other, more deep-rooted design problems they tried to ret-con with a revised manual, which rather passive-aggressively announced that “The Kobayashi Alternative differs in several important ways from other interactive text simulations that you may have used,” including being “completely open-ended.” (Don’t cry to us if this doesn’t play like one of Infocom’s!) The parser problems were neatly sidestepped by printing every single phrase the parser could understand in the manual. And the most obvious major design flaw was similarly addressed by simply printing a list of all the important coordinates on all of the planets in the manual.

Interest in the game remained so high that Computer Gaming World‘s Scorpia, one of the premier fan voices in adventure gaming, printed a second multi-page review of the revised version to join her original, a level of commitment I don’t believe she ever showed to any other game. Alas, even after giving it the benefit of every doubt she couldn’t say the second version was any better than the original. It was actually worse: in fixing some bugs, Micromosaics introduced many others, including one that stole critical items silently from your inventory and made the game as unsolvable as the no-win scenario that provided its name. Micromosaics and Simon & Schuster couldn’t seem to get anything right; even some of the planet coordinates printed in the revised manual were wrong, sending you beaming down into the middle of a helium sea. Thus Scorpia’s second review was, like the first, largely a list of deadly bugs and ways to work around them. The whole sad chronicle adds up to the most hideously botched major adventure-game release of the 1980s, a betrayal of consumer trust worthy of a lawsuit. This software thing wasn’t turning out to be quite as easy as Simon & Schuster had thought it would be.

While The Kobayashi Alternative stands today as perhaps the most interesting of Simon & Schuster’s Star Trek games thanks to its soaring ambitions and how comprehensively it fails to achieve any of them, it was far from the last of its line. Understandably disenchanted with Micromosaics but determined to keep plugging away at Star Trek gaming, Simon & Schuster turned to another new company to create their second Star Trek adventure: TRANS Fiction Systems.

The story of TRANS Fiction begins with Ron Martinez, who had previously written a couple of Choose Your Own Adventure-style children’s gamebooks for publisher Byron Preiss, then had written the script for Telarium’s computerized adaptation of Rendezvous with Rama. Uninspiring as the finished result of that project was, it awakened a passion to dive deeper and do more with interactive fiction than Telarium’s limited technology would allow. Martinez:

If this was really an art form — like film, for example — you’d really want to know how to create the entire work. In film, you’d want to understand how to work a camera, how to shoot, how to edit, how to really make the finished product. For me, as a writer, I understood that I had to know how to program.

Like just about everybody else, I worshiped the Infocom work, was just amazed by it. So, my goal was to do two things simultaneously:

1. Learn how to program, so that I could —

2. Build an interactive-fiction system that was as good or better than Infocom’s.

Working with a more experienced programmer named Bill Herdle, Martinez did indeed devise his own interactive-fiction development system using a programming language we seem to be meeting an awful lot lately: Forth. Martinez, Herdle, and Jim Gasperini, another writerly alum of Byron Preiss, founded TRANS Fiction to deploy their system. They sincerely believed in interactive fiction as an art form, and were arrogant enough to believe themselves unusually qualified to realize its potential.

We started as writers and then learned the programming. Of other companies, we used to say that the people who built the stage are writing the plays. We used to look down our nose at people who were technical but had no sense of what story was all about attempting to use this medium which we thought would redefine fiction — we really believed that. Instead of having people who were technical trying to write stories, we thought it really had to come the other way, so the technology is in the service of the story and the characters and the richness of the world.

Thanks to their connections in the world of book publishing and their New York City location, TRANS Fiction was soon able to secure a contract to do the next Simon & Schuster Star Trek game. It wasn’t perhaps a dream project for a group of people with their artistic aspirations, but they needed to pay the bills. Thus, instead of things like the interactive version of William Burroughs’s novel Nova Express that Martinez fruitlessly pursued with Electronic Arts, TRANS Fiction did lots of work with less rarefied properties, like the Make Your Own Murder Party generator they did for EA and, yes, Star Trek.

I can tell you that it wasn’t with great joy that we were working with these properties. There’s something soulless about working with a big property owned by a conglomerate. Even though we might love Spock, it was still a property, and there were brand police, who had to review everything that Spock might say or do. We would extend the world and try to introduce new aspects of the history of these characters, but they’d have to sign off on it.

Given Martinez’s attitude as well as that set of restrictions, it’s not terribly shocking that TRANS Fiction’s first Star Trek game, The Promethean Prophecy, is not all that terribly inspired or inspiring. Nor is its parser or game engine quite “as good as,” much less “better than,” Infocom’s. A much more conventional — perhaps too conventional — text adventure than its crazy predecessor, its status as the most enjoyable of all the Simon & Schuster-era Treks has more to do with the weaknesses of its peers than its own intrinsic strengths.

Star Trek: The Promethean Prophecy. We're back on much more conventional text-adventure territory here...

Star Trek: The Promethean Prophecy

The Promethean Prophecy doesn’t try to be a starship simulator to anywhere near the same degree as its predecessor. While it does open with a space battle, said battle is largely an exercise in puzzle solving, in figuring out the next command that will drive the hard-wired plot forward and not get you killed, rather than a real tactical simulation. After that sequence, you beam down to Prometheus, the only planet in the game, and start on a fairly standard “figure out this alien culture” puzzle-driven text adventure which, other than having Kirk, Spock, and company as its stars, doesn’t feel all that notably Star Trek-like at all. What with its linear and heavily plotted opening followed by a non-linear body to be explored at your own pace, it reminds me more than anything of Infocom’s Starcross. This impression even extends to the puzzles themselves, which like those of Starcross often involve exchanging items with and otherwise manipulating the strange aliens you meet. And yet again like in Starcross, there is no possibility of having real conversations with them. Unfortunately, coming as it did four years after Starcross, The Promethean Prophecy is neither as notable in the context of history nor quite as clever and memorable on its own terms as a game. From its parser to its writing to its puzzles it’s best described as “competent” — a description which admittedly puts it head and shoulders above many of Infocom’s competitors and its own predecessor. The best of this era of Star Trek games, it’s also the one that feels the least like Star Trek.

Still, The Promethean Prophecy did have the virtue of being relatively bug free, a virtue that speaks more to the diligence of TRANS Fiction than Simon & Schuster; as Martinez later put it, “Nobody at Simon & Schuster really understood how we were doing any of it.” It was greeted with cautiously positive reviews and presumably sold a reasonable number of copies on the strength of the Star Trek name alone, but it hardly set the industry on fire. An all-text game of any stripe was becoming quite a hard sell indeed by the time of its late 1986 release.

After The Promethean Prophecy Simon & Schuster continued to doggedly release new Star Trek games, a motley assortment that ranged from problematic to downright bad. For 1987’s The Rebel Universe, they enlisted the services of our old friend Mike Singleton, who, departing even more from The Promethean Prophecy than that game had from its predecessor, tried to create a grand strategy game, a sort of Lords of Midnight in space. It was full of interesting ideas, but rushed to release in an incomplete and fatally unbalanced state. For 1988’s First Contact (no relation to the 1996 movie), they — incredibly — went back to Micromosaics, who simplified and retrofitted onto the old Kobayashi Alternative engine the ability to display the occasional interstitial graphic. Unfortunately, they also overcompensated for the overwhelming universe of their first game by making First Contact far too trivial. The following year’s adaptation of Star Trek V: The Final Frontier, oddly released through Mindscape rather than using Simon & Schuster’s own imprint, and 1990’s The Transinium Challenge, another product of TRANS Fiction and the first game to feature the cast of The Next Generation, were little more than interactive slide shows most notable for their heavy use of digitized images from the actual shows at a time when seeing real photographs of reasonable fidelity on a computer screen was still a fairly amazing thing.

It was all disappointing enough that by the beginning of the 1990s fans had begun to mumble about a Star Trek gaming curse. And indeed, it’s hard to know what to make of the handling of the franchise during this period. Gifted with easily one of the five most beloved properties on the planet amongst the computer-gaming demographic, Simon & Schuster refused to either turn it over to an experienced software publisher who would know what to do with it — virtually any of them would have paid a hell of a lot of money to have a crack at it — or to get really serious and pay a top-flight developer to create a really top-flight game. Instead they took the pointless middle route, tossing off a stream of rushed efforts from second-tier developers that managed to be unappealing enough to be sales disappointments despite the huge popularity of the name on their boxes, while other games made without a license — notably Starflight — proved much more successful at evoking the sense of wonder that always characterized Star Trek at its best. It wouldn’t be until 1992 that Star Trek would finally come to computers in a satisfying form that actually felt like Star Trek — but that’s a story for another day.

For today, I encourage you to have a look at one or more of the variants of Mike Mayfield’s original Star Trek game. There are a number of very good versions that you can play right in your browser. One of the first really compelling strategy games to appear on computers and, when taking into account all of its versions and variations, very likely the single most popular game on PCs during that Paleolithic era of about 1978 to 1981, it’s still capable of stealing a few hours of your time today. It’s also, needless to say, far more compelling than any commercial Star Trek released prior to 1992. Still, completionism demands that I also make available The Kobayashi Alternative and The Promethean Prophecy in their Commodore 64 incarnations for those of you who want to give them a go as well. They aren’t the worst adventures in the world… no, I take that back. The Kobayashi Alternative kind of is. Maybe it’s worth a look for that reason alone.

(The history of Mike Mayfield’s Star Trek has been covered much more thoroughly than I have here by other modern digital historians. See, for instance, Games of Fame and Pete Turnbull’s page on the game among many others. Most of my information on Simon & Schuster and TRANS Fiction was drawn from Jason Scott’s interview with Martinez for Get Lamp; thanks again for sharing, Jason! Scorpia’s review and re-review of The Kobayashi Alternative appeared in Computer Gaming World‘s March 1986 and August 1986 issues respectively.

For an excellent perspective on how Star Trek‘s writers saw the show as well as the state of Star Trek around the time that Mayfield first wrote his game, see David Gerrold’s The World of Star Trek. Apart from its value as a research source, it’s also a very special book to me, the first real work of criticism that I ever read as a kid. It taught me that you could love something while still acknowledging and even dissecting its flaws. I’m not as enchanted with Star Trek now as I was at the Science Fiction Golden Age of twelve, but Gerrold’s book has stuck with me to become an influence on the work I do here today. I was really happy recently to see it come back into “print” as an e-book.)


Posted by on December 17, 2014 in Digital Antiquaria, Interactive Fiction


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38 Responses to Simon & Schuster’s Treks to Nowhere

  1. Bill Loguidice

    December 17, 2014 at 5:11 pm

    I’m curious why you didn’t mention “Star Trek: Strategic Operations Simulator,” also from 1983? It was a well-received arcade game (the cockpit version is particularly neat) and ported to numerous contemporary console and computer platforms. While obviously action-centric, it was officially licensed and certainly did a reasonable job of giving off a “Star Trek” vibe, particularly with the versions with voice. What’s interesting is that despite the success of this game, most officially licensed Trek-universe games eschewed an action focus until roughly the mid-90s, when that seemed to fall back into favor.

    • Jimmy Maher

      December 18, 2014 at 7:01 am

      Thanks for pointing this out. Arcade games aren’t really my strong suit. Made a few edits to dully acknowledge the presence of Strategic Operations Simulator.

  2. John Elliott

    December 17, 2014 at 8:51 pm

    I read Sinclair User at the time, and the Beyond / Mike Singleton Star Trek game (on the Spectrum, never more than vapourware) was a running joke in the satirical “Gremlin” column. Fascinating to see that it was actually released on some platforms.

    The original Star Trek BASIC game made it to the ZX81 in at least two commercial versions: ICL’s Star Trail (1982, with serial numbers filed off) and a version on Cascade’s infamous Cassette 50 (1983, serial numbers not filed off). The ICL one was one of my favourite ZX81 games; I never really investigated the Cascade port, but it seems to be real-time (or as real as the ZX81 can manage) rather than turn-based.

  3. Jason Dyer

    December 18, 2014 at 2:35 am

    I did enjoy First Contact back when it was released (it keeps the giant empty ship, but exploring it is optional). What do you mean by “far too trivial”? Just “too short”?

    • Jimmy Maher

      December 18, 2014 at 7:09 am

      Too easy — and a game has to be *really* easy for me to complain about that — and too short. Spock and the rest of the crew kind of lead you by the nose, almost to the point of coming off like an in-game walkthrough. Better than the baffling mess that was Kobayashi, but still not very satisfying.

      • Jason Dyer

        December 19, 2014 at 2:33 am

        In these days of snack-sized games I don’t consider “easy and short” to be a knock against anything. Maybe at the time it was released at full price. I am pretty sure I obtained it from some manner of bargain bin (it was long ago, though).

        I thought the last puzzle in particular was very memorable (even though it, too, was easy).

        • Jimmy Maher

          December 19, 2014 at 7:26 am

          Well, depending on the nature of the game and what it’s trying to do it may or may not be possible for me to consider it “too easy and short” today. However, my original “trivial” comment was of course written from a more historical perspective, considering it as a first-run, full-price game in 1988. This was indeed how it was received at the time. See for example Scorpia’s review in the October 1988 Computer Gaming World, which says, “advanced players will get through this one in an afternoon.”

          To avoid reviews like that one, many developers artificially extended the length and difficulty of their games with tedious and/or unfair but time-consuming elements. Speaking from the perspective of today and perhaps even then, I certainly prefer the First Contact approach to that one. But all that is another can of worms entirely, which will get cracked open more thoroughly in a future article…

  4. Rowan Lipkovits

    December 18, 2014 at 7:02 am

    IBM even included it with the original IBM PC, as one of the BASIC demonstration programs that accompanied every system.

    OK, you got me. Which of these files is it?

    Volume in drive A has no label
    Directory of A:\

    File Name Size Allocated Modified Attrib

    IBMBIO COM 1,920 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p HS
    IBMDOS COM 6,400 6,656 05-07-82 12:00p HS
    COMMAND COM 4,959 5,120 05-07-82 12:00p
    FORMAT COM 3,816 4,096 05-07-82 12:00p
    CHKDSK COM 1,720 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p
    SYS COM 605 1,024 05-07-82 12:00p
    DISKCOPY COM 2,008 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p
    DISKCOMP COM 1,640 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p
    COMP COM 1,649 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p
    EXE2BIN EXE 1,280 1,536 05-07-82 12:00p
    MODE COM 2,509 2,560 05-07-82 12:00p
    EDLIN COM 2,392 2,560 05-07-82 12:00p
    DEBUG COM 5,999 6,144 05-07-82 12:00p
    LINK EXE 41,856 41,984 05-07-82 12:00p
    BASIC COM 11,392 11,776 05-07-82 12:00p
    BASICA COM 16,768 16,896 05-07-82 12:00p
    ART BAS 1,920 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p
    SAMPLES BAS 2,432 2,560 05-07-82 12:00p
    MORTGAGE BAS 6,272 6,656 05-07-82 12:00p
    COLORBAR BAS 1,536 1,536 05-07-82 12:00p
    CALENDAR BAS 3,840 4,096 05-07-82 12:00p
    MUSIC BAS 8,704 8,704 05-07-82 12:00p
    DONKEY BAS 3,584 3,584 05-07-82 12:00p
    CIRCLE BAS 1,664 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p
    PIECHART BAS 2,304 2,560 05-07-82 12:00p
    SPACE BAS 1,920 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p
    BALL BAS 2,048 2,048 05-07-82 12:00p
    COMM BAS 4,352 4,608 05-07-82 12:00p

    I got the file listing from because this was a lead I absolutely needed to follow.

    • Jimmy Maher

      December 18, 2014 at 7:21 am

      Hmm… I got that from, which seems a pretty thorough and well-researched piece. Afraid this is one of those areas where I relied on third-party sources rather than investigating for myself, though. Perhaps it burned me… or perhaps there was a second disk with more BASIC demos?

      • Niklas L

        December 18, 2014 at 9:26 pm

        I found the samples here and ran them under GWBasic. There is nothing treklike there.

        • Jimmy Maher

          December 19, 2014 at 7:12 am

          Okay, fair enough. Nixed that bit. Thanks for keeping me honest!

          • Rowan Lipkovits

            December 20, 2014 at 4:35 am

            I’m just happy to learn more about TRANS Fiction — I hope you cover their Hidden Agenda, one of my all time favorites!

  5. Ice Cream Jonsey

    December 19, 2014 at 4:36 pm

    The Sega Star Trek arcade game is fun, but there’s one fact about its vector monitor that sort of stopped me from every trying to acquire one for the home:

    “As with all of Sega’s vector games, the Electrohome color vector monitor used for this game has a notorious tendency to catch fire.” (from the Killer List of Videogames)

    With how often the bridge would take damage in TOS, it’s kind of the most realistic arcade game of all-time.

    • Jimmy Maher

      December 19, 2014 at 4:45 pm

      :) Like Clive Sinclair and the Federation, Sega must not have yet discovered fuses.

    • Ian

      December 20, 2014 at 5:53 pm

      If I recall correctly, this is because someone made the (in hindsight) dumb decision to store the flyback transformers (which generate tthe 20,000+ volts for the CRT and are built to very critical tolerances) in an un-air-conditioned warehouse in New Orleans during the summer before being shipped to the monitor makers. Those fires were caused by moisture trying to make its way out of the transformer’s nooks and crannies as the chassis warmed up to operating temperature.

      As far as collecting them, nearly any working example you find in 2014 has almost certainly had the flyback replaced and should be as safe as any other arcade cabinet (I wouldn’t leave any cabinets of that vintage running unattended).

  6. NorkaBoid

    December 19, 2014 at 5:09 pm

    The MS-DOS version of the Kobayashi Alternative – which my brother game me for Christmas in 1986, when we were both home from college – did come closer to resembling that bogus mock-up on the packaging than the Commodore 64 version did, at least in terms of window placement and color scheme. (Of course the fancy proportional font and photorealistic background depicted on the “screenshot” were just a graphic designer’s fantasy.) Indeed, judging from the actual screenshots on MobyGames, it appears that the C64 and Apple versions were not only visually simplified in comparison to the DOS version, but also dumbed down content-wise. Note the drastic differences in the introductory Starfleet communiqué.

    Whether the DOS version was any more playable than the others, I couldn’t say. I can recall, though, that my brother was a bit pissed that I spent way more time at my Tandy 1000 playing Starflight than Kobayashi during that winter break!

    Of course I didn’t – and don’t – fault him at all in his choice of present. Considering our longtime shared enthusiasm for computer games and for that particular television series, Kobayashi should have been the perfect gift. Too bad the actual game, in any form, was such a botched effort by the developers.

    • Jimmy Maher

      December 20, 2014 at 9:55 am

      Interesting. Perhaps the MS-DOS version was the “real” version of the game, the 8-bit versions just pale shadows? Interesting as well that a MobyGames forum poster mentions yet another reworking and re-release, at least for MS-DOS, in 1987. I confess that I can’t quite muster the enthusiasm right now to try to untangle this skein entirely. Maybe when I circle back around to this material for a book…

  7. Walt

    April 30, 2015 at 11:22 am

    If I remember right, a version of the original Star Trek game also made it to the Atari VCS by way of the Sears Tele Games label. I think it was called “Stellar Trek” or something like that.

    • Scott Stilphen

      May 20, 2018 at 10:50 pm

      It’s called Stellar Track and was programmed by Rob Zdybel. In that game, your referred to as a “Terran” and the enemy are simply “Aliens”.

      Rob also wrote a similar version for the Atari 8-bit computers (under the APX label) called Tact Trek (or Tactrek as it’s spelled in the game). You still command a ship called the Enterprise, only the enemies are called the “Krieger”, “Warrior”, and “Varnon”.

  8. Brandon Campbell

    May 20, 2015 at 8:07 pm

    I also had and loved the 1985 edition of Gerrold’s “The World of Star Trek” as a kid!

  9. Richard Hewison

    February 14, 2016 at 10:54 pm

    I play-tested Star Trek: The Rebel Universe (published by Firebird) on the C64 and IBM PC versions that came after the Atari ST original was released in late ’87. I was even (mistakenly) quoted in UK magazine Commodore User as the C64 programmer when they published two pages of my playing tips in that magazine back in ’89. I even got to see the work-in-progress Sinclair Spectrum and Amstrad CPC versions that were never finished. It was a game tha fell between too many stools. It never satisfied arcade players, strategy lovers, adventure players or Star Trek fans…

  10. Mark Ricard

    February 29, 2016 at 3:45 am

    Never knew the Prophecy came later. The Underdogs and the Moby Games site say they came first. They had it wrong all these years. Thanks for setting the record straight.

  11. Mark Ricard

    February 29, 2016 at 3:52 am

    Also wanted to mention that Diane Duane was one of the most popular writers for Pocket Book’s Star Trek line. The Orca the first appeared in this game became characters in her 1990 book Doctor’s Orders. The Heinlein name is course a reference to science fiction writer Robert Heinlein whom Duane was a huge fan of and knew. The Horta from her second novel even appears in that game or first contact.

  12. Mark Ricard

    February 29, 2016 at 3:53 am

    Would do a review comparing both the original version of Korbayshi and the second. I have found walkthrough for one version but not much help for the other.

  13. Stu

    January 6, 2017 at 4:53 am

    Funny, I played Kobayashi back in the 80’s as a teen, and I rather enjoyed it. Looking back now, I think of it as almost like a proto- first person shooter, albeit one delivered entirely as text. It was a really clever design, IMO.

    Sure, the parser was primative. But compare the mechanic to today’s go-to gaming solution of ‘choose from three dialog choices’ and it’s actually pretty remarkable. Once you got it in your head that your speech had to be along the lines of “tell me about the XXX” or “analyze the YYY” navigating the game became pretty intuitive.
    I also liked how there was the over-arcing storyline (find Sulu’s ship), but along the way, there was an individual story to uncover in each star system. It played out much like a modern TV series.

    Guess I’m in the minority, but it was one of my fav’s as a kid. *shrug*

  14. esa

    January 11, 2017 at 10:59 pm

    The screenshot on the C64 version here is called a “Simulated IBM screen”,44258/

  15. Jason Kankiewicz

    September 22, 2017 at 5:26 am

    “Hewlett Packard” -> “Hewlett-Packard”?
    “variations continually one-uped” -> “variants continually one-upped”?
    “Microsmosaics” -> “Micromosaics”?

    • Jimmy Maher

      September 22, 2017 at 6:12 pm


  16. Wolfeye M.

    September 12, 2019 at 11:10 am

    Diane Duane is one of my favorite writers. When I was a kid, I devoured the library’s entire selection of Star Trek books, and a lot of them, she wrote. It’s a shame that the game she was involved with ended up such a mess.

  17. Leo Velles

    September 26, 2019 at 6:35 pm

    Typo: “Given Martinez’s attitude as well as that set of restrictions, it’s not terribly shocking that TRANS Fiction’s first Star Trek game, The Promenthean Prophecy”. The first n should be erased from Promenthean.

    And a doubt: You mention in the second picture of the article that the image from The Kobayash Alternative’s box is “one of the most blatant instances of false advertising in 1980s gaming”, but the moby games link for Stark Trek: First Contact has a screenshot that is more likely to be the screenshot you claim belongs to be on The Kobayashi Alternative box.

  18. Leo Velles

    September 26, 2019 at 7:00 pm

    My mistake, I mean in the fourth picture of the article

  19. Ben

    May 14, 2022 at 4:55 pm

    Development of The Kobayashi Alternative -> (article in italics)

    law suit -> lawsuit

    • Jimmy Maher

      May 16, 2022 at 7:44 am



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